Learning disability is a disorder that’s affects individuals psychological processes involved in understanding or in using written or spoken language. Learning disability is caused by differences in how a person’s brain works and how it processes information. It may manifest itself in a defective ability to listen, speak, think, read, write, spell, or do mathematical calculations.
There is no medical treatment for learning disabilities. It is a lifelong disorder; however, children and adults with learning disabilities can be high achievers and can be taught ways to get around the learning disability and learn successfully. There are many reasons why learning disability occurs and it can happen before, during, or after birth.
Diagnosing a learning disability is a complex process as it gathers information in all areas related to the child or adult that has a suspected disability. The assessment looks at cognitive, behavioral and development factors and involves testing, medical and history taking, interview and observation by a trained specialist such as a psychologist or psychiatrist.
When the administration of tests and other assessment materials is completed, you’ll meet with your assessor or with a group of qualified professionals to discuss the results and determine whether you have a disability. A copy of the evaluation report and the documentation will be given to you. The assessment can determine whether you or your child qualifies for special education and related services. It can help you develop strategies for your learning and also provide information and approaches related to employment, education, and daily living.